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BAMS vs MBBS: Which is the Best Option for You?

BAMS vs MBBS is a tough comparison to make and to reach a conclusion about which course is the best, one needs to go through the very details of either of the courses.

Here’s a detailed analysis of both the courses that will guide to through the essential parameters to compare the mentioned courses and reach a conclusion about BAMS vs MBBS.

What is B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)?

The full form of B.A.M.S is Bachelor of ayurvedic medicine and surgery. This is defined to be an undergraduate degree program whose curriculum is prepared to educate students about the in-depth knowledge about the Ayurveda and also on how to treat patients too. This course also includes teaching about modern medicines too along with Ayurveda. Students enrolling for it are been taught combining the knowledge of both in details as an important part of the curriculum. 

Ayurveda is known as one of the oldest ways of treating patients through its medicines and find out the actual reason of finding the root of the disease a patient is going through. Its main aim is to treat patients with the use of different herbs and ayurvedic medicines and known famously for the natural elements they have in them. 

However, it can also be considered as one of the alternative ways of treating patients. This ayurvedic system of treating patients not only helps in treating the existing diseases in patients but also helps to reduce the consistency of diseases that continuously enter the diseases as well which keeps on entering the human body. This also helps to reduce the heat of the human body as well. Presently, throughout the world, this alternative method of healing is accepted by all people. Also, WHO(World Health Organization) has made a worldwide forum available to promote these old methods of treating patients one of which is through Ayurveda. Therefore, B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) as a course has opened up a lot of options for students completing it. 


B.A.M.S Course Highlights-

Let us have a quick highlight about the course of B.A.M.S-

  1. Level of Degree- Under-graduate
  2. Duration of the course- 5 years
  3. Minimum educational requirement- Candidate should pass class 12 exams with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in Medical Stream.
  4. Minimum Subject Requirement- Physics, Chemistry, Biology.
  5. Minimum requirement of Average Score- 50 percent or more than that
  6. Consistency of Exam- Annual
  7. Admission or selection process- Based on entrance exams given
  8. Entrance exams to be cleared- OJEE, KEAM, NEET, and many other entrance exams. 
  9. Course fee- Rs.2 lakh to 3 lakh per year 
  10. The average salary to be expected- Rs 3 Lakhs per annum to Rs 15 lakhs per annum.
  11. Job title- Ayurvedic Doctor, Category Manager, Business development officer, medical officer, medical representative, Junior clinical trial coordinator.
  12. Employment areas- Nursing homes, government, and private hospitals, Ayurvedic clinics, Own Business wellness centers.


B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)- Key advantages of Pursuing it-

Some of the key advantages of B.A.M.S are as follows-


After completing the course students have lots of opportunities of working in reputed government hospitals and agencies. The salary to be expected is equal to the government employee who is the doctor in their career. For students who complete their graduation from BAMS, the Indian Government permits the degree holders to open their own Ayurvedic pharmacy or clinic. Also, candidates have an opportunity to do a Ph.D. or MD if they want in Ayurveda or fields related to it. And they can also choose to work in top ayurvedic companies like the Himalayas. However, one must also know that apart from so many opportunities and options learning the root of Ayurveda in detail not only helps them to learn new things but also helps them to apply them in their daily lives and it helps them to lead a healthy life too. 

Why one should choose to pursue a B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)?


Ayurveda is known to be one of the oldest forms of treating patients from the very starting. Its presence is known to everyone around the world. As we already know that World health organization has also started funding to spread awareness about it around the world. Therefore, it gives a lot of opportunities to the candidates pursuing it to have career options across the world that includes India as well as abroad too which is usually preferred to be the dream opportunity for most of the students. 


Skills Required to pursue B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)


B.A.M.S is considered to be one of the appropriate career options who seek interest in the industry of the medical sector and would want to know about more options of different methods of treatment. Candidates who wish to pursue and build their career ahead in the field of Ayurveda should have the following skillsets which include-


  1. a) Should develop a keen interest in medicinal herbal properties.
  2. b) Patience level should be good.
  3. c) High Concentration level 
  4. d) Should have good decision-making abilities
  5. e)  Good observation qualities
  6. f) Empathy
  7. g) Should possess counseling ability.


Eligibility Criteria to be fulfilled to pursue B.A.M.S(Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)-


  1. To choose B.A.M.S as their career options one needs to complete their class 12th in science stream with subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  2. To be eligible for admission in the B.A.M.S course one should score an average passing percentage between 50 to 60%. But some of the colleges and universities may set their own passing percentage scale as per their own choice.
  3. Some colleges or universities might also have an age bar limit to get admissions into B.A.M.S courses. 

Students who completely fulfill the above-mentioned eligibility criteria are required to give NEET(National Eligibility Cum interest test) and get qualified for it. Across the world, the scores achieved in this exam are considered and students who score top marks in the merit list get more chances of being selected in this course.


Admission process for B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)-

NEET(National Eligibility Cum interest test) is the entrance exam that is considered to be one of the important parts of the admission process for candidates to get admission to this course. Other than B.A.M.S other medical programs also require candidates to qualify in this entrance exam to pursue these courses. After successfully clearing the NEET exam students gets concentrated counseling invitation wherein students are being assisted to choose the right college based on the scores attained by them in the NEET exam. After selecting the college, candidates are been judged by them based on the personal interview to further judge the students appearing for it. 

The course of BAMS does not give any option of specialization. In this post-graduate program of Ayurveda surgery and medicine candidates needs to choose their specialization whether they choose to opt for M.S (Master of Surgery) or M.D (Doctor of Medicine) are the two options which students can choose. In both these options, students can choose amongst the following which includes-

  1. Sharir Kriya
  2. Rog vikriti vigyan
  3. Padhartha vigyan
  4. Agad Tantra
  5. Rasa shastra
  6. Shailya tantra etc. 

There are many other options that students can opt for which they have checked the options list while applying.

Also Read: Best Courses After 10th

Course Structure for BAMS-

This course comprises of total 5 years and 6 months of duration in total. Out of which 4.5 years is for academic sessions wherein remaining 1 year is for the internship. This 4.5 year of the academic period is divided into 3 parts of 1.5 years each. And the following subjects are been taught in the following years which includes-

  • For the first year-
  1. Basic principles of Ayurveda
  2. History of Ayurveda
  3. Physiology
  4. Anatomy


  • For the second year-
  1. Toxicology
  2. Pharmacology


  • For the third year-
  1. Principles of surgery
  2. ENT
  3. Skin
  4. Internal medicine
  5. Modern anatomy etc. 


Fee structure of BAMS-

The fee structure for the course of BAMS depends on which college admission is been done whether it is private or public. And under which jurisdiction does it come. To have a brief average idea of the fees let’s have a brief look at the same-

  1. For the first year- Rs. 50,000 to 70,000
  2. For the Second year- Rs 3 Lakhs to 4 lakhs
  3. For the third year- Rs 5 lakhs to 6 lakhs. 


Scope of BAMS-

Earlier students pursuing this course had only two options- whether they could choose to go for higher studies or to open a clinic. But now the situation is completely different. Job opportunities available for students graduating from BAMS are available both in the private as well as public sectors too. Some of the sectors wherein candidates can choose to opt are as follows-

  1. Education sector
  2. Health sector
  3. Hotel industry
  4. Life science industry
  5. Nursing industry
  6. Pharmaceutical industry
  7. Medical tourism industry. 




MBBS can be defined as an undergraduate program which is an apt option for students who want to become a doctor in future. MBBS is a professional degree in the field of medical science. Any candidate having an MBBS degree can easily be a certified practitioner. The duration of this course is 5 years and 6 months which also includes 1 year of internship in hospitals, NGOs, health centers, health camps organized, etc. 



During an internship program of MBBS candidates appearing for it gets an opportunity to work in hospitals, NGOs, different health camps set up. So they have an option of getting registered as doctors with the Medical Council Of India(MCI). They can choose to study further or have an option to continue working as a certified doctor in the health sector. 


Every candidate pursuing MBBS must have the following skillset required which includes the following-

  1. Ability to work in a rough environment.
  2. Sharp memory and fast reply to the situation
  3. Desire to learn new things and research continuously
  4. Counseling and caring nature
  5. Medical writing skills
  6. Should be professional in commitments
  7. Communication skills
  8. Should be approachable
  9. Should have patience and perseverance.



There are certain eligibility criteria that candidate must fulfill which includes the following-

  1. Candidate must qualify in their class 12th standard with science stream including subjects like physics, chemistry, and Zoology along with English subject too.
  2. They have fulfilled the age criteria which is 17 years of age should be complied with.
  3. There are other eligibility criteria mentioned by MCI which need to be gone through in detail. 



Different subjects covered in MBBS includes the following-

  1. Surgery
  2. Medicine
  3. Pathology
  4. Anatomy
  5. Bio-Chemistry
  6. Surgery
  7. Community Medicine etc. 



To pursue an MBBS course students must clear their NEET (National Eligibility cum entrance test) as this entrance exam is considered by both private and public institutions. 

JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS exam was considered null and void in the year 2019, taking NEET has the only entrance exam required to be given. 



After holding an MBBS degree students have the following option to opt as a career option which includes-

  1. Medical Assistant 
  2. General physician
  3. Pediatricians. 



It all depends on the interest of a candidate on how he or she wants to take their career ahead. If they want to study the natural ways of medical treatment then they can choose BAMS or else can choose to pursue MBBS. Science is a vast subject, the more you go into details the more you get to learn. It is on a person’s capability and skills to pursue these courses and excel in their career ahead. 

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